Limoges porcelain marks dating site
Limoges porcelain marks dating site - assistir 50 tons de cinza completo online dating
Although we do try to refine our selections to be helpful, these web sites are independent and may change their content at any time.We recommend a thorough research, with cross references, before making any strong conclusions about a noted history and or the markings.
Limoges porcelain refers to a town and region about 229 miles southwest of Paris where deposits of kaolin, a key mineral used for fine porcelain, were discovered in the late 18th century.
Porcelain factories sprang up -- each with its own artists, patterns and marks -- cranking out the hardest and among the most prized porcelains in the world.
The first porcelain factory opened in 1771, and belonged to brothers Massie and Fourneira Grellet.
An American manufacturer, Haviland Limoges, produced widely coveted dinnerware in a Limoges factory from 1842 on.
Collectors are most interested in the French Limoges made before about 1930. If you're looking for genuine French Limoges, be aware that there are a lot of different marks.
Look for telltale marks under the glaze, not on it, on the back or bottom of the piece. A New York manufacturer that set up a Limoges factory, Bawo & Dotter, called their firm Elite Works and started turning out porcelain marked "Elite France" or "Elite Works France" in 1892.
Marks were applied on "whiteware," prior to any painting or glazing. Ahrenfeldt" used just that name in 1886 but sometimes added or substituted "France C. From 1900 to 1914, Elite's marks were red; they switched the color to green from 1920 to 1932.
If the mark was applied on top of the glaze, that's the work of a retailer, importer or decorator, and it may or may not affect the value of the piece. customs law required country of origin to be marked on porcelain -- so a piece that says "France" dates from after that time and was made for export. One of the earliest Limoges factory marks is "AE." The Allund factory made Limoges with AE marks from 1797 to 1868, and then the company changed hands and the mark changed. A combination of words and pictures, some too tiny to distinguish unmagnified, are marks from a few prominent Limoges makers.
Under-glaze marks are clearer and less worn than retailer, importer or decorator marks. From 1868 to 1898, the former Allund factory, now Haviland-owned, used the marks "CHF," "CHF/GDM" and "CH Field Haviland, Limoges." As the Haviland factories in Limoges expanded to meet American demand, so did their marks. Latrille Freres is an easy one: a star enclosing a circular L I M O G E S and underscored by the word "France." Martin Freres and Brothers, not too concerned about redundancy, marked their wares with a bird holding a flowing ribbon in its beak.
It is worth noting that many of the websites below have in depth histories, patterns and other valuable information in addition to the marking.
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When you are done researching another site, you may just close their window (or tab) and still be able to explore more of the links here.*Spode datestamp examples and some of the backstamps is generously made available at Spode History blog.